Krishna district was one of the oldest British administrated areas of Andhra Pradesh. It was formerly called Masulapatnam district and in 1859 when the then Guntur district was abolished, certain taluks thereof were added to this district which was renamed as Krishna district, after the mighty river Krishna.
15° 43’ N and 17° 10’ N
80° 0’ and 81° 33’ of E
8,727 Sq. Kms
Bay of Bengal and West Godavari district
Guntur and Nalgonda districts
Bay of Bengal
The main hill range of the district known as Kondapalli runs between Nandigama and Vijayawada with a length of about 24 Kms. The other hills are Jammalavoidurgam, Mogalrajapuram and Indrakiladri hills. On the Indrakiladri hills at Vijayawada stands the famous temple of Kanakadurga.
The chief rivers of the district are the Krishna (length 1,280 kms) Muniyeru (Muneru), the Tammileru and Budameru. Krishna river debouches in to the Bay of Bengal at Hamsala Divi and Nachugunta in this district. The district contains small hillstreams viz., Jayanthi, Kattaleru, Ippalavagu, Upputeru, Telleru, Ballaleru, Nadimeyeru.
The climatic conditions of the district are of extreme kind with hot summers and cold winters and may be classified as tropical. The period starting from April to June is the hottest.
The average normal rainfall is 1028.1 mm.
Three types of soils:
- Black Cotton (57.6%)
- Sand clay loams (22.3%)
- Red loams (19.4%)
Endowed with a rich variety of soils, the district occupies an important place in Agriculture, which is the most important occupation, and Paddy is the main food crop produced.
Krishna district has recorded a literacy rate of 70.03. The district is well advanced in field of education.
AVAILABILITY OF MINERAL SOURCES
- Chromite – Kondapalli hills and adjoining areas
- Diamonds – Paritala, Ustepalls, Kondavatikallu, Ramannapet, Suryavaram, Kothapet, Nemalipuram, Mugaluru, Putrela etc.
- Iron Ore – Jaggayyapet area
- Lime Stone – Jaggayyapet area
- Mica – Tiruvuru area
- Sulphur – Kona in Machilipatnam Mandal.
TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATIONS
Vijayawada City is the largest commercial centre of this district and also there is an important railway junction being connected to Delhi, Calcutta,Madras, Hubli, Gudivada and Machilipatnam. It has an Aerodrome at Gannavaram about 16 Kms away and a minor sea port at Machilipatnam. The second largest Bus Station complex in the state is also located in Vijayawada.